Additional materials and resources

Greene SL and Hart TS (1999) “Implementing a geographic analysis in germplasm conservation.” In: Greene SL and Guarino L (eds) Linking Genetic Resources to Geography: Strategies for Conserving Crop Biodiversity. CSSA Special Publication 27, Madison, Wisconsin, USA, pp. 25–38.
Guarino L (1995) “Geographic information systems and remote sensing for plant germplasm collectors.” In: Guarino L, Ramanatha Rao V and Reid R (eds) Collecting Plant Genetic Diversity: Technical Guidelines. CAB International, Wallingford, UK, pp 315–327.
Guarino L, Maxted N and Sawkins M (1999) “Analysis of georeferenced data and the conservation and use of plant genetic resources.” In: Greene SL and Guarino L (eds) Linking Genetic Resources and Geography: Emerging Strategies for Conserving Crop Biodiversity. American Society of Agronomy and Crop Science Society, Madison, Wisconsin, USA, pp. 1–24.
Guarino L, Jarvis A, Hijmans R and Maxted N (2002) “Geographic information systems (GIS) and the conservation and use of plant genetic resources.” In: Engels JMM, Ramanatha Rao V, Brown AHD and Jackson MT (eds) Managing Plant Genetic Diversity. CAB International, Wallingford, UK, pp. 387–404.
Hunter D and Heywood V (eds) (2011) Crop Wild Relatives: A Manual of In Situ Conservation. Issues in Agricultural Biodiversity. Earthscan, London. (available in English and French)
Justus J and Sarkar S (2002) The principle of complementarity in the design of reserve networks to conserve biodiversity: a preliminary history. Journal of Biosciences (Suppl. 2) 27: 421–435.
Parra-Quijano M, Iriondo JM and Torres E (2012) Applications of ecogeography and geographic information systems in conservation and utilization of plant genetic resources. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 10(2): 419–429.
Iriondo JM, Parra-Quijano M, Rubio ML, Torres E and García R (2013) Ecogeographical approaches to characterize CWR adaptive traits useful for crop adaptation. Pre-breeding – fishing in the gene pool. 10–13 June, Alnarp, Sweden.
Parra-Quijano M, Iriondo JM and Torres E (2010) Spatial and ecogeographical approaches for selecting genetic reserves in Europe. Towards the establishment of genetic reserve for crop wild relatives and landraces in Europe. 13–16 September, Funchal, Madeira.
Arponen A, Heikkinen R, Thomas CD and Moilanen A (2005) The value of biodiversity in reserve selection: representation, species weighting and benefit functions. Conservation Biology 19: 2009–2014.
Baudoin, J-P, Rocha O, Degreef J, Maquet A and Guarino L (2004) Ecogeography, demography, diversity and conservation of Phaseolus lunatus L. in the Central Valley of Costa Rica. Systematic and ecogeographic studies on crop genepools 12.
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Dulloo ME, Maxted N, Guarino L, Florens D, Newbury HJ and Ford‐Lloyd BV (1999) Ecogeographic survey of the genus Coffea in the Mascarene Islands. Botanical Journal of the Linnaean Society 131: 263–284.
Edmonds JM (1990) Herbarium Survey of African Corchorus L. species. Systematic and Ecogeographic Studies on Crop Genepools 4. IBPGR, Rome, Italy.
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Ghamkhar K, Snowball R, Wintle BJ and Brown AHD (2008) Strategies for developing a core collection of bladder clover (Trifolium spumosum L.) using ecological and agromorphological data. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 59: 1103–1112.
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Greene SL, Gritzenko M and Vandemark GJ (2001) Relating morphologic and rapd marker variation to collection site environment in wild populations of red clover (Trifolium pratense L.). Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 51: 643–653.
Jarvis A, Ferguson ME, Williams DE, Guarino L, Jones PG, Stalker HT, Valls JFM, Pittman RN, Simpson CE and Bramel P (2003) Biogeography of wild Arachis: assessing conservation status and setting future priorities. Crop Science 43: 1100–1108.
Jarvis A, Williams K, Williams D, Guarino L, Caballero PJ and Mottram G (2005) Use of GIS for optimizing a collecting mission for a rare wild pepper (Capsicum flexuosum Sendtn.) in Paraguay. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 52: 671–682.
Maxted N (1995) An ecogeographic study of Vicia subgenus Vicia. Systematic and Ecogeographic Studies in Crop Genepools, 8. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy.
Maxted N, Mabuza P and Kell SP (2000) “Ecogeographic techniques and conservation: case study for the legume genus Vigna in Africa.” In: Vaughan DA (ed) Wild Legumes. MAFF, Japan, pp. 63–91.
Maxted N, Mabuza-Dlamini P, Moss H, Padulosi S, Jarvis A and Guarino L (2004) An Ecogeographic Survey: African Vigna. Systematic and Ecogeographic Studies of Crop Genepools 10. IPGRI, Rome, Italy.
Moilanen A (2005) Methods for reserve selection. Biological Conservation 124: 485–492.
Parra-Quijano M, Iriondo JM, Torres E and De la Rosa L (2011) Evaluation and validation of ecogeographical core collections using phenotypic data. Crop Science 51: 694–703.
Parra-Quijano M, Iriondo JM and Torres E (2012) Efficient method to improve representativeness of ex situ plant genetic resources conservation based on GIS and ecogeographic data. Biodiversity Conservation 21: 79–96.
Pavek DS, Lamboy WF and Garvey EJ (2003) Selecting in situ conservation site for grape genetic resources in the USA. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 50(2): 165–173.
Peters JP, Wilkes HG and Galway NW (1990) The use of ecogeographical data in the exploitation of variation from gene banks. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 80: 110–112.
Prado MTM (2015) Aplicación de los modelos de nicho ecológico a la conservación del género Vicia en la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. Trabajo fin de carrera. Universidad Poltécnica de Madrid.
Rodrigues ASL, Gaston KJ and Gregory RD (2000) Using presence–absence data to establish reserve selection procedures that are robust to temporal species turnover. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 267: 897–902.
Ravikanth G, Ganeshaiah KN and Shaanker U (2002) Identification of hot spots of species richness and genetic variability in rattans: an approach using geographical information systems (GIS) and molecular tools. Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter 132: 17–21.
Rocha OJ, Degreef J, Barrantes D, Castro E, Macaya G and Guarino L (2002) “Metapopulation dynamics of Lima Bean (Phaseolus lunatus L.) in the Central Valley of Costa Rica.” In: Engels JMM, Ramanatha Rao V, Brown AHD and Jackson MT (eds) Managing Plant Genetic Diversity. CAB International, Wallingford and IPGRI, Rome, pp. 205–215.
Steiner JJ and Greene SL (1996) Proposed ecological descriptors and their utility for plant germplasm collections. Crop Science 36: 439–451.
Tapia C, Torres E and Parra-Quijano M (2015) Searching for adaptation to abiotic stress: ecogeographical analysis of highland Ecuadorian maize. Crop Science 55(1): 262–274.
Tohme J, Jones P, Beebe S, Iwanaga M (1995) “The combined use of agroecological and characterisation data to establish the CIAT Phaseolus vulgaris core collection.” In: Hodgkin T, Brown AHD, van Hintum ThJL and Morales EAV (eds) Core Collections of Plant Genetic Resources. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK, pp. 95–107.
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Wieckzorek J, Guo Q and Hijmans R (2004) The point-radius method for georeferencing locality descriptions and calculating associated uncertainty. International Journal of Geographical Information Science 18 (8): 745–767.
Williams CL, Hargrove WW, Liebman M, James DE (2008) Agro-ecoregionalization of Iowa using multivariate geographical clustering. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 123: 161–174.
Yawen Z, Shiquan S, Zichao L, Zhongyi Y, Xiangkun W, Honglian Z and Guosong W (2003) Ecogeographic and genetic diversity based on morphological characters of indigenous rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Yunnan, China. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 50: 567–577.
Castañeda-Álvarez N, Khoury CK, Sosa CC, Achicanoy HA, Bernau V, Vincent H, Jarvis A, Struik PC and Maxted N (2014) The distributions and ex situ conservation of crop wild relatives: a global approach. Enhanced Genepool Utilization – Capturing wild relative and landrace diversity for crop improvement. 16–20 June, Cambridge, UK.
Iriondo JM, Parra-Quijano M, Torres E and Rubio ML (2011) Ecogeographical data analysis: an introduction. Joint PGR Secure/ECPGR workshop. Conservation strategies for European crop wild relative and landrace diversity. 7–9 September, Palanga, Lithuania.
Liyanage ASU (unknown) Eco-geographic survey and preparation of descriptors for priority crop wild relatives of rice, Vigna, banana, cinnamon and pepper.
 Magos Brehm J (2011) Complementary analysis. Second training workshop. Conservation for enhanced utilization of crop wild relative diversity for sustainable development and climate change mitigation. 11‒13 January, Beijing China. (1.2 MB)
 Magos Brehm J, Martins-Loução MA, Maxted N and Ford-Lloyd BV (2006) Espécies aparentadas das espécies cultivadas e plantas colhidas directamente da Natureza: a sua conservação e utilização em Portugal. II Congresso Ibérico de Ecologia – Crise da Biodiversidade: conhecimento e acção. 18–21 Julho. Lisbon, Portugal (in Portuguese). (191 KB)
 Magos Brehm J, Maxted N and Kell S (2011) Ecogeographic data analysis: an introduction. Second training workshop. Conservation for enhanced utilization of crop wild relative diversity for sustainable development and climate change mitigation. 11‒13 January, Beijing China. (4.4 MB)
Rubio Teso ML, Kinoshita K and Iriondo JM (2014) Optimized site selection for the in situ conservation of forage and fodder CWRs: a combination of community and genetic level perspectives. Enhanced Genepool Utilization – Capturing wild relative and landrace diversity for crop improvement. 16–20 June, Cambridge, UK.
WWWClimatic Research Unit
WWWCGIAR Consortium for Spatial Information (CGIAR-CSI) (CRU-TS v3.10.01 Historic Climate Database for GIS, Global Aridity and PET Database, STRM 90m Digital Elevation Database, Global High-Resolution Soil-Water Balance)
WWWEUNIS ‒ European Nature Information System
WWWFAO Soils Portal
WWWGlobal Land Cover Characterization
WWWWorldClim ‒ Global Climate Data (1km resolution grids of climate and derived bioclimatic datasets)
WWWWorld Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) Protected Planet
WWWWorld Soil Database: Harmonized World Soil Database v1.2
WWWBioCASE ‒ Biological Collection Access Service for Europe
WWWBioversity International’s Collecting Missions Database
WWWCIP (International Potato Center) Biomart Portal
WWWConsortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria (CPNWH) (portal to the regional herbaria of the Pacific Northwest North America)
WWWCrop Wild Relative Global Occurrence Database
WWWEUNIS ‒ European Nature Information System
WWWEURISCO (European search catalogue of ex situ PGR accessions)
WWWEuropean Native Seed Conservation Network (ENSCOBASE) (European database of major ex situ botanic garden genebank holdings)
WWWGBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility)
WWWGENESYS ‒ the Global Gateway to Genetic Resources (global database of major ex situ gene bank holdings)
WWWInter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN)
WWWJSTOR (herbaria resources)
WWWKew Bibliographic Databases (provides links to the Kew Record of Taxonomic Literature, Economic Botany and Plant Micromorphology databases)
WWWKew Herbarium Catalogue (herbaria database)
WWWMediterranean Germplasm Database [reference database for the agro-food plant germplasm stored at the Istitute of Biosciences and Bioresources (IBBR) of the Italian National Research Council (CNR) in Bari, Italy; with >56,000 accessions from all over the world]
WWWNatural History Museum, UK (herbaria database)
WWWPlantSearch, Botanical Garden Conservation International (botanic garden holdings information)
WWWRoyal Botanical Garden Edinburgh (herbaria database)
WWWSADC region: Magos Brehm J, Gaisberger H, Kell S and Thormann I (2017) Occurrence data for priority CWR of the SADC region, doi:10.7910/DVN/QUOPCB, Harvard Dataverse, V2.
WWWSolanaceae Source (a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family)
WWWSotelo H and Helpdesk G N (2017) A global database for the distributions of crop wild relatives. Version 1.3. Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT). Occurrence Dataset accessed via on 2017-05-02.
WWWspeciesLink (Brazilian database of biodiversity collections)
WWWThe Harold and Adele Lieberman Germplasm Bank (cereals)
WWWTropicos (Missouri Botanical Gardens, USA) (herbarium resources)
WWWUS Genetic Resources Information Network (GRIN) (database of USDA ex situ genebank holdings)
Chambers (1988) Chambers World Gazetteer: An A-Z of Geographical Information. 5th edition. Larousse Kingfisher Chambers, London.
Times Books (1999) Atlas of the World, 10th edition. Times Books, London.
WWWGetty Thesaurus of Geographic Names® Online
WWWGlobal Gazetteer Version 2.3, Falling Rain Software, 1996-2016
WWWGoogle Maps
Google Earth
GEOLocate ‒ A Platform for Georeferencing Natural History Collections Data
Arc-GIS/Arc Info
DIVA-GIS (geographic information system software, tutorials, documentation, spatial data, discussion forum) (freely available)
GRASS GIS (freely available)
gvSIG (freely available)
Marxan (conservation planning) (freely available)
R (with some GIS functionalities) (freely available)

The Interactive Toolkit for Crop Wild Relative Conservation Planning was developed within the framework of the SADC CWR project (2014-2016),
which was co-funded by the European Union and implemented through ACP-EU Co-operation Programme in Science and Technology (S&T II) by the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States.
Grant agreement no FED/2013/330-210.