National systematic CWR conservation planning

This process involves planning for systematic in situ and ex situ conservation of CWR diversity at the national level and can be undertaken using a floristic or a monographic approach. The implementation of which results in the systematic representation of the nation’s CWR diversity in an in situ network of genetic reserves (within existing protected areas or by establishing novel conservation areas) with back-up ex situ collections of genetically representative population samples in national genebanks (i.e. seeds, tissue, DNA, living plants). The conservation recommendations that result from this national CWR conservation planning process can, and should, feed into the National Strategic Action Plan for the conservation and utilization of CWR.

What are the main steps in the CWR conservation planning process?

Given variations in the CWR diversity present, the availability and quality of data, the financial and human resources allocated to conservation, as well as the different levels of commitment by national agencies and governments, the CWR conservation planning process will differ from country to country. Nevertheless, the following steps are likely to be common among countries:

The conclusion of this process is the formulation of the NSAP, which includes:

  • Concrete recommendations for the conservation of CWR diversity (including the identification of key sites for active in situ conservation of CWR diversity and CWR populations under-represented in ex situ collections).
  • Provisions for the sustainable utilization of conserved CWR diversity by plant breeders, researchers and other potential users.
  • Strategic actions relating to policy interventions that need to be put in place to enable the implementation of the concrete conservation actions and sustainable use recommendations.
  • The partnerships and networks that are required to link the regional, national and local stakeholders that contribute to the conservation and sustainable use of CWR diversity and how these partnerships and networks are expected to be established and sustained.
  • Details regarding how the implementation of the NSAP is expected to be resourced.

1 Here we distinguish between a checklist and an inventory; checklist is used for the list of CWR names alone and inventory for when more meaningful data has been added to the initial checklist. We also distinguish between a complete checklist (all CWR species) and a partial checklist (subset of CWR species).

The Interactive Toolkit for Crop Wild Relative Conservation Planning was developed within the framework of the SADC CWR project (2014-2016),
which was co-funded by the European Union and implemented through ACP-EU Co-operation Programme in Science and Technology (S&T II) by the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States.
Grant agreement no FED/2013/330-210.