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National systematic CWR conservation planning

This process involves planning for systematic in situ and ex situ conservation of CWR diversity at the national level and can be undertaken using a floristic  [1] or a monographic  [2] approach. The implementation of which results in the systematic representation of the nation’s CWR diversity in an in situ network of genetic reserves (within existing protected areas or by establishing novel conservation areas) with back-up ex situ collections of genetically representative population samples in national genebanks (i.e. seeds, tissue, DNA, living plants). The conservation recommendations that result from this national CWR conservation planning process can, and should, feed into the National Strategic Action Plan for the conservation and utilization of CWR.

What are the main steps in the CWR conservation planning process?

Given variations in the CWR diversity present, the availability and quality of data, the financial and human resources allocated to conservation, as well as the different levels of commitment by national agencies and governments, the CWR conservation planning process will differ from country to country. Nevertheless, the following steps are likely to be common among countries:

The conclusion of this process is the formulation of the NSAP, which includes:

  [16]1 Here we distinguish between a checklist and an inventory; checklist is used for the list of CWR names alone and inventory for when more meaningful data has been added to the initial checklist. We also distinguish between a complete checklist (all CWR species) and a partial checklist (subset of CWR species).

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