Assessment of genetic diversity and population structure of Chinese wild almond, Amygdalus nana, using EST- and genomic SSRs

ABSTRACT: Amygdalus nana L., commonly known as wild almond, is an endangered wild relative of cultivated almond, which has great potential in almond crop breeding. In this study, we used microsatellite (SSR) loci derived from both expressed sequence tag (EST) and anonymous genomic sequence to explore the genetic diversity and population structure of A. nana in Xinjiang of China. Seven natural populations were collected across the whole distribution of A. nana in China, including populations from both inside (four populations) and outside (three populations) the established protected areas. A total of 22 and 19 alleles were detected from the seven pairs of EST and genomic SSR loci, respectively. Generally, the genomic SSRs showed lower levels of variation than EST-SSRs, which may partially due to the higher cross-species transferability in EST-SSRs than in genomic SSRs. The population-level genetic diversity (A = 1.84, P = 50.00%, Ho = 0.3491, HE = 0.2271) was lower than cultivated almond and several wild fruit species with similar breeding system. Most of the genetic variation (82.16%) was partitioned within populations. In particular, the population collected from Tacheng County (outside the protected areas) had the highest levels of genetic diversity and had significantly different genetic constitution from other populations.

Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 37(3): pp. 146-153
Category: Genetic diversity
Authors: Tahan, O. et al.
Publication Year: 2009

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