Genetic diversity and relationships in Solanum subg. Archaesolanum (Solanaceae) based on RAPD and chloroplast PCR-RFLP analyses

ABSTRACT: The subgenus Archaesolanum is a group composed of eight species with a characteristic chromosome number based on n = x = 23 and an area restricted to the South Pacific. This subgenus is an isolated group of Solanum for which extensive information about phylogenetic relationships based on molecular genetic methods is lacking. This study represents an approach to analyze genetic relationships within this group. In this context, seven species were examined using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. In further analysis, the amplification products of two chloroplast regions (trnS-trnG and rbcL) were studied with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method. Screening for the presence of unique mitochondrial rearrangements was also carried out using universal mitochondrial primers for the detection of fragment length polymorphisms. We identified two major groups within the subgenus; one was composed of the members of ser. Avicularia and Laciniata, while the other was formed by species belonging to ser. Similia. It is suggested that the taxonomic status of series within the Archaesolanum clade should be revised. The hybrid origin of S. laciniatum was also tested, and two hypotheses regarding its phylogeny are assumed.


Plant Systematics and Evolution, doi: 10.1007/s00606-010-0371-5
Category: Genetic diversity
Authors: Poczai, P. et al.
Publication Year: 2011

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